Narrowleaf carpet grass. Differs from A. compressus in having more slender culms and stolons, narrower leaves and shorter, more obtuse spikelets; culm nodes are glabrous (bearded in A. compressus). Thus, this collection consisted of both vegetatively collected clonal material and single plants from seed that were maintained as clonal pots. In: Loch, D.S. Frequent grazing also helps to maintain it in a vegetative state. Thrives under heavy grazing, down to stubble height of 5‒5.7 cm. Gramineae) subfamily: Panicoideae tribe: Paspaleae subtribe: Paspalinae. It has a spreading habit and is soil compaction and heat tolerant, but not drought tolerant. Common carpetgrass is a native, warm-season, stoloniferous perennial grass. DM yields are low in comparison with other pasture grasses; mostly in the range of 1‒5 t/ha/yr, even in fertilised grass. Although a range of fungi and nematodes have been found on A. fissifolius, biotic constraints are not considered to be a production-limiting factor. Carpetgrass grows well on extremely wet acid soils (ph 5-5.5) where many other grasses will not survive. Grains / Seeds - Sowing NPPO details: United States Department of Agriculture, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection & Quarantine, Maryland. Fairly palatable in vegetative state. It is often used as a lawn grass in recreational areas, a cover crop or in pastures. Suggested method of management and control. In NC it is found in the coastal and Piedmont areas. Header harvesting should begin when 60‒80% of the seed-heads are of a light brown colour. Asia: 类地毯草 lei di tan cao (China); rumput permaidani (Malaysia), English: caratao grass, carpet grass, common carpet grass, Louisiana grass (USA);  mat grass, narrow-leaved (narrowleaf) carpet grass, Durrington grass (Australia), Europe: Teppichrasengras (German); assonopo (Italian), Latin America: grama-missioneira (Brazil); gramalote (Spanish); zacate amargo (Mexico), Native: Northern America: Mexico (s.), USA (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma (s.e. Carpet grass, (Axonopus fissifolius), mat-forming perennial grass of the family Poaceae, native to sandy soils in southeastern North America.Carpet grass is occasionally used as a lawn and pasture grass in warm areas, but its use generally indicates declining soil fertility, because it is a low-quality forage. Paspalum dilatatum. Basionym: Paspalum fissifolium Raddi 1823. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Fresh seed should be dried at no more than 35 ºC, to avoid damage to the seed. Although mostly growing in areas where fire is not a problem, it recovers quickly from fire. Campbell, L.R.V. Spray when actively growing from spring to autumn with 13 ml/L Fusilade® Forte + wetting agent or for generic fluazifop-p (212g/L active ingredient) 8ml/L + wetting agent. e Axonopus fissifolius (Raddi) Kuhlm. It is best suited for areas with wet, acidic soil. Guidelines for establishment and management of sown forages. Axonopus fissifolius has hairy spikelets, 1/4" wide leaves and no still hairs on leaf margins. While in most other grass seed crops, stands are 'cleared off' to produce a synchronous crop, and nitrogen fertilizer applied to promote tillering, this is generally not followed for seed crops of this species. Crops are often mixed with Axonopus fissifolius, the seed of which is easily screened from the P. dilatatum seed. This plant goes dormant in winter in NC and spreads by stolons and seeds. Occurs on low, flat areas in humid and sub-humid warm temperate to tropical woodland and savannah. Dense ground cover for erosion control and turf in moist, low fertility soils. Axonopus is a genus of plants in the grass family, known generally as carpet grass. It prefers acidic, well-drained soil and regular watering. Axonopus fissifolius, Common Carpetgrass. 2-4 racemes with very small spikelets alternating in 2 rows. Ligule short still hairs. Stems flattened. So, every region has its own features. Giraldo-Cañas, D. (2012). N.C. (2001) Degradação ruminal dos tecidos vegetais e composição bromatológica de cultivares de Axonopus scoparius (Flüegge) Kuhlm. Las especies del género Axonopus (Poaceae: Panicoideae: Paspaleae) en Brasil Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Ciencias Exactas, Físicas y Naturales 36: 317-354. p. 44–45. bit.ly/39heQdj, Evans, D.O., Joy, R.J. and Chia, C.L. Carpet grass is a Gulf Coast, heat-loving native that can't tolerate Differs from A. fissifolius in being more stoloniferous and in having stouter culms and stolons, broader leaves, and longer, more acute spikelets. Good ground cover. Subsequent rolling helps maintain soil moisture and ensures close contact between soil and seed. Call now on +61 02 6632 3925. Bogdan, A.V. In NC it is found in the coastal and Piedmont areas. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Our focus in this article will be on narrowleaf carpet grass. While its leaf blades are appreciably narrower (50-60%) than those of broadleaf carpetgrass, narrowleaf carpetgrass is still a coarse-textured species. (1999) Paspalum dilatatum and Axonopus affinis in Australia. Common name. May have a reddish cast at maturity. Grasses:  Axonopus compressus, Chrysopogon aciculatus.Legumes:  Arachis pintoi, Grona heterophylla, G. triflora, Lotus uliginosus, Trifolium repens, , Vigna parkeri. Carpetgrass Seed - Use carpetgrass seed for lawns in wet soil areas in lower South. Adapted to low-fertility soils but will respond to fertilizers, particularly nitrogen, however, with low use efficiency. How to Plant Carpet Grass. Latitudinal range of distribution: 40° N to 40° S.  Mean annual temperature range reported: 8‒30 °C. The scientific name of broadleaf carpet grass is Axonopus compressus, from the family Poaceae, the family of grasses, and it is similar in appearance to the closely related Axonopus fissifolius (sometimes known as Axonopus affinis). Carpet grass (Axonopus affinis) is a warm-season grass that is valuable for its ability to grow in difficult places, such as shady and boggy areas. Carpet Grass for Lawns A sturdy, warm season grass, carpet grass (Axonopus fissifolius) is disease- and insect-resistant, fills in quickly and creates a dense, wear-resistant mat. Closely related to broadleaf carpetgrass. Show All Show Tabs common carpetgrass Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Axonopus fissifolius - Paspalum fissifolium Raddi -- Discover Life bit.ly/2ws2wt2, Lima, L.M.S., Alquini, Y., Brito, C.J.F.A. p. 325–333. This plant goes dormant in winter in NC and spreads by stolons and seeds. is a common perennial warm-season turfgrass grown in Louisiana. Leaf blades rounded on the tips. 2,2_DPA at 4.8 kg/ha may also be effective. Similar species. They are native primarily to the tropical and subtropical regions of the Americas with one species in tropical Africa and another on Easter Island. Tropical Grasslands 5:11–22. Relevant web addresses: Export Criteria. Tolerant of diclofop methyl." Narrowleaf carpetgrass (Axonopus fissifolius) is generally considered a more favorable, attractive choice for use in temperate home garden landscapes.This species was previously known as Axonopus affinis before being renamed.It's not uncommon to still see it being referred to by its old botanical name. Ciência Rural 31:509–515. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Ergot sclerotia are mostly larger than the seed and can also be largely removed with screening. When seed is available, it is broadcast onto, or shallowly sown into, a well-prepared seedbed or ashes after a scrub burn. 2.5‒3 million seeds per kg. Tropical Grasslands 37:151–164. Fire. 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